A Confederate blockade-runner, the Georgiana was chased into shallow water as she made a run for Charleston harbor the night of 19 March 1863. She was attempting to slip into the blockaded port of Charleston from Nassau, carrying a much-needed cargo of medicine, munitions, and other stores. With heavy damage to her propeller and rudder, the Georgiana was run aground so her crew could make their escape to shore. The vessel was set afire by Federal sailors which then continued to burn for several days. The Georgiana was an iron-hulled steamer of 205 feet in length that was owned by Fraser and Company. The submerged wreck led to the sinking of three other steamers: the Mary Bowers, Constance Decimer, and the Norseman.

The site lies in 18 feet of water less than a mile from the beach, though portions of the wreckage come to within five feet of the surface. The wreck site consists of both the Georgiana and the Mary Bowers, which rests on top. The Georgiana is oriented approximately north-north west, while the Mary Bowers heads west. The stern of the Georgiana is prominent high off the bottom, with her rudder and steel screw still in place, one blade missing. There is one rectangular boiler amidships, approximately 10 feet aft of where the Mary Bowers lies across her. The port side of the hull is flayed open and lying in the sand. Near the aft cargo hold on this side, a large deposit of Enfield rifle bullets was found, as the wreck is listing to port. Along the starboard side, several large water tanks with piping are encountered near the boiler, just aft. Passing over the Mary Bowers, the aft cargo hold is encountered again. A multitude of her cargo was recovered here, with more undoubtedly remaining. Thousands of needles and buttons are found in this area. Other artifacts that were recovered include numerous portholes, china, stoneware, tin, two Blakely rifled guns, medicine bottles, and much more. Although heavily salvaged in the 1960s, this is a wreck with vast artifact potential, much of which is buried in the sand, for those willing to put up with low visibility and at times, heavy surge. It should be noted that the wreck is heavily encrusted and there is a large shrimper net with cable hung on the wreck that may cause problems in low visibility.




Depth of wreck

18 feet

Size of wreck

Length: 205 feet